Advanced tables

From Gamepedia Help Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Welcome to Advanced tables! If you are new to Wikis, please read our section Basic tables first, before going on. On this page you are going to read about everything concerning the advanced use of tables.

Table headers[edit | edit source]

Table headers can be created by using "!" (exclamation mark) instead of "|" (pipe symbol). Headers usually show up bold and centered by default.

You type You get
{|
! align="left"| Item
! Amount
! Cost
|-
|Monitor
|10
|7.00
|-
|Mouse
|4
|3.00
|-
|Gamepad
|1
|5.00
|-
!Total
|
|15.00
|}
Item Amount Cost
Monitor 10 7.00
Mouse 4 3.00
Gamepad 1 5.00
Total 15.00
NOTE:
Prof hydra.svg When using attributes as in the heading 'Item' a vertical bar | is used for separation.
Not an exclamation character '!'.

Caption[edit | edit source]

A table caption can be added to the top of any table as follows.

You type You get
{|
|+Just gamer things
|-
|Monitor
|Mouse
|-
|Gamepad
|Keyboard
|-
|Mainboard
|Video card
|}
Just gamer things
Monitor Mouse
Gamepad Keyboard
Mainboard Video card

class="wikitable"[edit | edit source]

Basic styling can be achieved by adding class="wikitable".

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+Just gamer things
|-
|Monitor
|Mouse
|-
|Gamepad
|Keyboard
|-
|Mainboard
|Video card
|}
Just gamer things
Monitor Mouse
Gamepad Keyboard
Mainboard Video card

XHTML attributes[edit | edit source]

You can add XHTML attributes to tables. For the authoritative source on these, see the W3C's HTML 4.01 Specification page on tables.

Attributes on tables[edit | edit source]

Placing attributes after the table start tag ({|) applies attributes to the entire table.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center; color: green;"
|Monitor
|Mouse
|12,333.00
|-
|Gamepad
|Keyboard
|500.00
|-
|Mainboard
|Video card
|1.00
|}
Monitor Mouse 12,333.00
Gamepad Keyboard 500.00
Mainboard Video card 1.00
NOTE:
Prof hydra.svg Usually, tables on Gamepedia are already styled with css, so it could happen,
that your style settings in a table won't show up because of that!
In doubt, please contact an admin.

Attributes on cells[edit | edit source]

You can put attributes on individual cells. For example, numbers may look better aligned right.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Monitor
| Mouse
| align="right"| 12,333.00
|-
| Gamepad
| Keyboard
| align="right"| 500.00
|-
| Mainboard
| Video card
| align="right"| 1.00
|}
Monitor Mouse 12,333.00
Gamepad Keyboard 500.00
Mainboard Video card 1.00

You can also use cell attributes when you are listing multiple cells on a single line. Note that the cells are separated by ||, and within each cell the attribute(s) and value are separated by |.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Monitor || Mouse     || align="right" | 12,333.00
|-
| Gamepad || Keyboard     || align="right" | 500.00
|-
| Mainboard || Video card || align="right" | 1.00
|}
Monitor Mouse 12,333.00
Gamepad Keyboard 500.00
Mainboard Video card 1.00

Attributes on rows[edit | edit source]

You can put attributes on individual rows, too.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Monitor
| Mouse
| align="right"| 12,333.00
|-
| Gamepad
| Keyboard
| align="right"| 500.00
|- style="font-style: italic; color: green;"
| Mainboard
| Video card
| align="right"| 1.00
|}
Monitor Mouse 12,333.00
Gamepad Keyboard 500.00
Mainboard Video card 1.00

Simple one-pixel table border[edit | edit source]

The default table formatting uses the "border-collapse: separate" model, which adds table cell spacing (which also separates the table outer border from its content cells). Even with a zero cellspacing, the borders of consecutive cells (and of the overall table container) will add up, so to get a one-pixel separation between cells, you need to selectively remove one or more of the four borders of cells.

Such tables may be formatted more simply, using the "border-collapse: collapse" CSS property; in this table formatting model, the cellspacing attribute (or the CSS "border-spacing:" property) and the table's "padding:" CSS property are ignored and only the larger border of adjacent inner cells (or the table border for outer cells) will be used.

An example of the above for one-pixel table border, using each model (without need for external extensions):

You type You get
{| style="border-collapse: separate; 
          border-spacing: 0; 
          border: 1px solid #000; 
          padding: 0"
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0 1px 1px 0"| 
Monitor
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0 0 1px 0"| 
Mouse
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0 1px 0 0"| 
Gamepad
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 0"| 
Keyboard
|}
Monitor Mouse
Gamepad Keyboard
{| style="border-collapse: collapse; border: 1px solid #000"
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Monitor
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Mouse
|-
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Gamepad
| style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px"| 
Keyboard
|}
Monitor Mouse
Gamepad Keyboard


Prof hydra.svg
NOTES:
  • When using the "border-width:" CSS shortcut property, the order of the four space-separated specified values is: top, right, bottom, left. As an example from above:
"border-width: 0 1px 0 0"
When there are fewer than 4 values, the value for left takes its default from the value for right, the value for bottom takes its default from the value for top, and the value for right takes its default from the value for top.
  • The HTML attributes (such as "width=", "border=", "cellspacing=", "cellpadding=") do not need any length unit (the pixel unit is assumed). The CSS style properties (which override the HTML attributes) require an explicit length unit (if the value is not 0) such as "px" for the pixel.


HTML colspan and rowspan[edit | edit source]

You can use HTML colspan and rowspan attributes on cells for advanced layout.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
!colspan="6"|Shopping List
|-
|rowspan="2"|Computer parts
|Mainboard
|Video card
|Power supply
|colspan="2"|DVD burner
|-
|Hardrive
|colspan="2"|Memory
|CPU
|Case fan
|}
Shopping List
Computer parts Mainboard Video card Power supply DVD burner
Hardrive Memory CPU Case fan

With HTML attributes and CSS styles[edit | edit source]

CSS style attributes can be added with or without other HTML attributes.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="color:green; background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="10"
|Monitor
|Mouse
|-
|Mainboard
|Gamepad
|-
|Keyboard
|Video card
|}
Monitor Mouse
Mainboard Gamepad
Keyboard Video card

Attributes[edit | edit source]

Attributes can be added to the caption and headers as follows.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+ align="bottom" style="color:#e76700;"|''Computer parts''
|-
|Monitor
|Mouse
|-
|Gamepad
|Keyboard
|-
|Mainboard
|Video card
|}
Computer parts
Monitor Mouse
Gamepad Keyboard
Mainboard Video card

Column width[edit | edit source]

Column width can be added as follows.

You type:

{| style="color: black; background-color: #D5E861;" width="85%"
| colspan="2" | This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
|-
| style="width: 30%; background-color: white;"|
'''This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width'''
| style="width: 70%; background-color: orange;"|
'''This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)'''
|}

You get:

This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)

Accessibility of table header cells[edit | edit source]

Table header cells do not explicitly specify which table data cells they apply to (those on their right on the same row, or those below them on the same column). When the table is rendered in a visual 2D environment, this is usually easy to infer.

However when tables are rendered on non-visual media, you can help the browser to determine which table header cell applies to the description of any selected cell (in order to repeat its content in some accessibility helper) using a scope="row" or scope="col" attribute on table header cells. In most cases with simple tables, you'll use scope="col" on all header cells of the first row, and scope="row" on the first cell of the following rows:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col"| Item
! scope="col"| Quantity
! scope="col"| Price
|-
! scope="row"| DVDs
| 6
| $3
|-
! scope="row"| Monitor
| 1
| $1500
|-
! scope="row" colspan="2"| Total
| $1503
|}
Item Quantity Price
DVDs 6 $3
Monitor 1 $1500
Total $1503

Caveats[edit | edit source]

Negative numbers[edit | edit source]

If you start a cell on a new line with a negative number with a minus sign (or a parameter that evaluates to a negative number), your table can get broken, because the characters |- will be parsed as the wiki markup for table row, not table cell. To avoid this, insert a space before the value (| -6) or use in-line cell markup (|| -6).

CSS vs attributes[edit | edit source]

Table borders specified through CSS rather than the border attribute will render incorrectly in a small subset of text browsers.

Common attributes for columns, column groups and row groups[edit | edit source]

The MediaWiki syntax for tables currently offers no support for specifying common attributes for columns (with the HTML element <col />), column groups (HTML element <colgroup>...</colgroup>) and row groups (HTML elements <thead>...</thead>, <tbody>...</tbody><code> and <code><tfoot>...</tfoot>). Those standard HTML elements are not accepted even in their HTML or XHTML syntax.

All the rows and cells (header or data) of the table are rendered within a single implicit row group (HTML element <tbody>...</tbody>) without any attributes or styles.

See also[edit | edit source]